INSTITUTE OF APPLIED PHYSICS - Functional Photonic Nanostructures

Functional Photonic Nanostructures

Resonant nanoparticles and their assemblies can show complex and often surprising interactions with light, giving rise to phenomena such as "magnetic light", directional scattering, Fano resonances, and strong near-field enhancements. Using the capabilities of modern nanotechnology, these interactions can be tailored by the size, shape, material composition, and arrangement of the nanoparticles. As such, resonant nanoparticle structures are a versatile research platform for investigating fundamental light-matter interactions and nanoscale coupling phenomena. Furthermore, they provide unique optical functionalities opening new opportunities for applications like next-generation (quantum) light sources, optical communications, and truly flat optical components. In our research we combine top-down and bottom-up nanofabrication approaches to experimentally realize composite photonic systems able to control the emission, propagation, and absorption of light and all of its properties at the nanoscale.


Recently, we have focused on nanoparticles composed of highly transparent, high-refractive-index dielectrics. Such nanoparticles support localized electric and magnetic Mie-type resonances (see image), thereby providing a low-loss alternative to plasmonic nanostructures [1]. Most prominently, highly efficient functional nanosurfaces [2], e.g., for resonant wavefront shaping [3], nonlinear frequency generation [4], and spectral filtering [5] can be created by dedicated arrangements of designed dielectric nanoresonators in a plane. Active tuneability of dielectric nanosurfaces has been achieved using liquid crystals [6]. Furthermore, we have studied the use of Mie-resonant all-dielectric nanoparticles as high-radiation efficiency nanoantennas for spontaneous emission control [1,7].

[1] I. Staude et al., ACS Nano 7, 7824-7832 (2013).
[2] M. Decker et al., Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813−820 (2015).
[3] K. E. Chong et al., Nano Lett. 15, 5369-5374 (2015).
[4] M. R. Shcherbakov et al., Nano Lett. 14, 6488−6492 (2014).
[5] K. E. Chong et al., Small 10, 1985-1990 (2014).
[6] J. Sautter et al., ACS Nano 9, 4308-4315 (2015).
[7] I. Staude et al., ACS Photonics 2, 172-177 (2015).